CAPACITIES OF WOOD CHARCOALS IN SOUTH KALIMANTAN IN PRODUCING ENERGY FOR HOUSEHOLDS

Rosidah, Rosidah CAPACITIES OF WOOD CHARCOALS IN SOUTH KALIMANTAN IN PRODUCING ENERGY FOR HOUSEHOLDS. Academic Research International.

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Abstract

ABSTRACT At the end of the twentieth century, experts realized the impacts of the increasing use of pretrolium when its supply inevitably decreased. Cinnamon and other wood types such as alaban and candlenut are known as the wood types that are good enough to be used as the raw materials for charcoals. The objective of this study was to find out the quality of charcoals made from cinnamon wood, candlenut shell, alaban wood, and acacia wood in their capacities to produce energy primarily for domestic use. The method was to compare the capacity of 1 kg of charcoal with the capacity of 1 liter of kerosene poured into the Hock stove with 16 wicks to produce energy. The tests were carried out at the Laboratory of the Institute for Research and Standardization of Industry, Banjarbaru. The analysis of the respective physical and chemical properties of the charcoals indicated that the water contents of cinnamon wood, candlenut shell, alaban wood, and acacia wood charcoal were 0.66%, 1.15%, 0.69%, and 0.61%; ash 2.37%, 3.62%, 2.57%, and 0.48%; volatile matter 23.94%, 35.35%, 29.65%, and 42.61%; fixed carbon 73.69%, 61.03%, 70.48%, and 56.91%; and calorific value 7591.84 cal/g, 5649.70 cal/g, 7008.59 cal/g, and 6280.76 cal/g. After burned, the cinnamon wood charcoal gave the highest maximum temperature of 235°C with the burning duration of 50', alaban wood 216°C with the burning duration of 1 hour 10', acacia wood 195°C with the burning duration of 1 hour 8' and candlenut shell 175°C with the burning duration of 36'. The time required to boil 1 liter of water for cinnamon wood charcoal was 5', alaban wood 6'30", acacia wood 7'30", and the candlenut shell 8'59". When compared with the use of kerosene for Hock stove with 16 wicks, and converted into economic value, the 3 types of wood charcoals, namely cinnamon, alaban and acacia wood charcoals can be used as the alternative energy sources. Keywords: Capacity, Wood Charcoal, Energy, Household

Item Type: Article
Subjects: A General Works > AI Indexes (General)
Depositing User: Mr Arief Mirathan
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2017 01:09
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2017 01:09
URI: http://eprints.ulm.ac.id/id/eprint/2537

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