Wood properties related to pulp and paper quality in two Macaranga species naturally regenerated in secondary forests, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

Istikowati, Wiwin Tyas Wood properties related to pulp and paper quality in two Macaranga species naturally regenerated in secondary forests, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Wood properties related to pulp and paper quality in two Macaranga species naturally regenerated in secondary forests, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, 25 (3). pp. 107-115. ISSN 0917-415X 

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Abstract

 The utilization of wood resources from unutilized fast-growing tree species found in secondary forests was investigated by studying the wood properties, including anatomical characteristics, of two Macaranga species—M. bancana and M. pearsonii—growing naturally in secondary forests in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Several wood properties related to pulp and paper quality were also evaluated, including the Runkel ratio, Luce's shape factor, flexibility coefficient, slenderness ratio, solid factor, and wall coverage ratio. The mean basic density of these two species ranged from 0.23 to 0.31 g cm-1 , while the mean values of vessel diameter, vessel element length, fiber diameter, fiber wall thickness, and fiber length ranged from 126 to 192 µm, 0.88 to 1.19 mm, 24.5 to 29.8 µm, 0.99 to 1.14 µm, and 1.42 to 1.69 mm, respectively. The lignin content of M. bancana and M. pearsonii wood was 27.2 and 28.0%, respectively. Almost all wood properties related to pulp quality showed better values than those reported for Acacia and Eucalyptus species, although sheet density of paper might be lower due to higher solids factor and possibility of occurrence of vessel picking was probably higher due to longer vessel element length and larger vessel diameter. Based on the results, the wood from these two Macaranga species can be used as pulpwood. Key words: unutilized fast-growing tree species, basic density, fiber dimension, lignin content, pulp and paper quality

Item Type: Article
Subjects: A General Works > AI Indexes (General)
Depositing User: Mr Arief Mirathan - Eka Setya Wijaya
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2017 02:12
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2017 02:12
URI: http://eprints.unlam.ac.id/id/eprint/2194

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