Identification and quantification of flavonoids in Carica papaya leaf and peroxynitrite- scavenging activity

NUGROHO, AGUNG Identification and quantification of flavonoids in Carica papaya leaf and peroxynitrite- scavenging activity. Identification and quantification of flavonoids in Carica papaya leaf and peroxynitrite- scavenging activity.

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Abstract

Objective: To characterize the types, contents, and peroxynitrite-scavenging activities of flavonoids in the leaf of Carica papaya (C. papaya). Methods: Chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques along with high performance liquid chromatography quantitative analysis and peroxynitrite-scavenging assay were performed to isolate and quantify flavonoid compounds in the flavonoid-rich fraction (BuOH fraction) derived from MeOH extract of C. papaya leaves and evaluate their peroxynitrite-scavenging activities. Results: Seven flavonoids were isolated from the leaves of C. papaya, including quercetin 3-(2G-rhamnosylrutinoside), kaempferol 3-(2G-rhamnosylrutinoside), quercetin 3- rutinoside, myricetin 3-rhamnoside, kaempferol 3-rutinoside, quercetin, and kaempferol. All of the substances exhibited potent activities on peroxynitrite scavenging (IC50 � 4.15 mmol/L), which were stronger than the positive control, L-penicillamine (6.90 mmol/L). The content of kaempferol 3-(2G-rhamnosylrutinoside) was significantly higher than other identified compounds (123.18 mg/g BuOH fraction and 7.23 mg/g MeOH extract). Conclusions: The results of the present study demonstrate the potent antioxidant flavonoids of C. papaya leaf, with kaempferol 3-(2G-rhamnosylrutinoside) as the major one.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: A General Works > AI Indexes (General)
Depositing User: Mr Arief Mirathan - Eka Setya Wijaya
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2017 05:01
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2017 03:24
URI: http://eprints.unlam.ac.id/id/eprint/1538

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